One of the indicators of national prosperity is the establishment of clusters.
What is a cluster?
We can define a cluster as an economic grouping, consisting of suppliers of raw materials, by type of technology, by strategy, by type of buyers and even by competitors from other industries.
The term began to be forged since 1890’s, because economist Alfred Marshall who analyzed how geographical concentrations benefited the industry, over the years, other economists based on what Marshall had observed, characters like Giacomo Becattini and Michale Porter, the latter was the one who coined the term.
“The industrial competitiveness of a nation is not dispersed but is connected and linked in what it defined as CLUSTERS which are a group of industries / companies that relate to each other for various reasons or reasons.”Michael Porter, The Competitive Advantage of Nations (1990)
When an industry was established in a region either because of the weather, the soil, or the existence of mines and quarries, other subsidiary industries of the former were established around them.
The advantage of these concentrations was that people who lived in these locations began to acquire skills required by that industry. Therefore this region offered a labor market with specialized skills.
Among the competitive advantages they generated was that they reinforced the strengths of the industry, number of companies, business specialization and innovation.
This is how what is known as a natural cluster, the one that arose by establishment of the industry due to some beneficial factor of the region, but they are not the only types of clusters that exist, over time, once noticed phenomenon, other types emerged as the cluster initiative and cluster policy, of which we detail here.
Eventually, clusters evolved to stop relying on geographically concentrated industries. Rather than focusing on geographic locations, they began to focus ideas, things, workers or businesses. To encourage the progress of the clusters, educational and government institutions joined the collaboration, since in conjunction with companies, they can create a region where innovation and communication takes place, generating what we know as the model of triple helix
What causes a convergence in the exchange of knowledge, since a healthy cluster has an ecosystem where “ideas are in the air”.
Thus, all parties obtain competitive advantages, which the company alone would not have achieved. The most prosperous clusters have key characteristics.
This type of groupings are scattered throughout the world, especially in large industrial centers, both automotive, textile, among others.
But what’s the point of having so many clusters in the country?
Understanding what a Cluster is and how they work is the key to understanding and helping the economy of a region. (1)
According to information from the Ministry of Economy, clusters allow companies to carry out joint projects whose results impact an entire region, and their mapping represents one of the most successful initiatives to promote regional economic development of the country.
“The use of cluster maps represents a crucial step towards the development of economic development strategies and a viable alternative to increase the economic sustainability of the country’s urban and rural communities.”
However, Mexico is not far behind, initially in 2010 the Ministry of Economy (SE) and the Mexican Association of the Information Technology Industry AMITI, focused on a sector and launched the IT-Linkages Mexico program designed to boost the development of Information Technology Clusters.
This trend expanded to more sectors in the country, such as aerospace, medical devices and specifically speaking about Nuevo León, within the automotive sector.
Biocluster Nuevo León is an initiative cluster in which biotechnology is our main pillar.
Concerned about the state of biotechnology status of Nuevo León, our goal is to promote its own innovation, generating a synergy between companies (from SMEs to large companies), academia (universities and research centers) and the government , so that in strategic collaboration, with companies and more strategic allies such as other clusters, we improve competitiveness and strengthen the value chain of the biotechnology industry, thus working for common progress and benefit.
With the purpose of spreading science and satisfying the curiosity of both our partners and the general public, this blog initiative is born, we have created this platform to cultivate and inform about the latest news in biotechnology, entrepreneurship and innovation .
Why is biocluster important for Mexico?
We intend to be leaders in the field of the biotechnology industry and position Mexico as one of the main countries with this developed technology.
Do you know any cluster in your region? Are you interested in being part of one or contributing to its development?
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